The Directive applies to:

  • the entire Union rail system.;
  • as well as to ‘tram-trains’ as so far as they operate on national rail infrastructure.

The Directive does NOT apply to (unless Member States decide otherwise):

  • local public transport systems (metros, trams and other light rail systems);
  • Member States may exclude privately owned railway infrastructure (incl sidings), local, historical or touristic infrastructure and vehicles, light rail infrastructure occasionally used, vehicles primarily used on light rail infrastructure.