4th Railway Package - Technical Pillar


Since 1991, the European railway sector has constantly been reformed by the European Union. The 4th Railway Package, which was adopted in 2016 is by far the largest and most complex legal initiative introduced so far. The 4th Railway Package consists of a political and a technical pillar which introduce substantial reforms for all stakeholders concerned. 

This Guide illustrates in four different chapters the reforms in the field of vehicle authorisation, safety certification and ERTMS trackside approval as well as the new role of the European Union Agency for Railways as ‘frequently asked questions’. Given the fact that the implementation of the 4th Railway Package is an ongoing process, the Guide will be updated on a regular basis, in line with the progress of the reforms being made on EU level.

Prof Andy Doherty
Chairman of the Group of Representative Bodies (GRB)

  • The ERA will apply fees and charges for vehicle authorisations, approvals of ERTMS track-side equipment tenders and safety certificates issued by its services;
  • Furthermore, the ERA is expected to apply indirect costs related to applications, such as the usage and maintenance costs of the IT tool (OSS).

⇒ The ERA fees & charges are a new financial instrument of the ERA which will determine the costs for all applicants for vehicle authorisations, approvals of ERTMS tracks-side equipment tenders and safety certificates.