The technical pillar of the 4th RP brings substantial reforms:

  • such as a new harmonised approach to safety certification and vehicle authorisation
  • an enhanced role for the Agency
  • a harmonised implementation of ERTMS and reduced national rules

For more information have a look on the ERA website.

⇒ Each of these individual reforms has a far-reaching impact on the rail sector (financial, operational, legal, procedural, etc.).