The Directive applies to:

  • the entire Union rail system;
  • ‘tram-trains’ as when they operate on national rail infrastructure;

The Directive does NOT apply to (unless Member States do not decide otherwise):

  • Local public transport systems (metros, trams and other light rail systems);
  • privately owned railway infrastructure (incl. sidings);
  • local, historical or touristic infrastructure and vehicles;
  • light rail infrastructure occasionally used;
  • vehicles primarily used on light rail infrastructure.