The European Railway Agency (ERA) was set up by means of Regulation (EC) no 881/2004 in April 2004 with the aim to improve interoperability and safety of the European rail network. Its main tasks have been to harmonise, register and monitor TSIs across the entire European rail network and to set common safety targets for the European railways.
At that time, ERA had no decision-making powers. Its only role consisted in supporting the EC with technical assistance in the fields of interoperability and safety.
In 2006, the EC adopted a decision concerning mandates to ERA for developing TSIs under Directive 2001/16/EC and common safety methods and common harmonised requirements for safety certification under Directive 2004/49/EC.
In 2007, the EC adopted a decision concerning a framework mandate to ERA for the performance or certain activities under Directives 96/48/EC and 2001/16/EC.
Regulation (EC) no 1335/2008 assigned new tasks to the Agency in response to the changes made to the Railway Safety Directive 2004/49/EC and to the Directive on the interoperability of the rail system 2008/57/EC.
In 2010, the EC adopted a decision concerning a mandate to ERA to develop and review TSIs with a view to extending their scope to the whole rail system in the EU.
⇒ With each legal act, the EU extended the scope of safety and strengthened the role of the EU vs the Member States. However, the powers and the status of the ERA remained unchanged.
The main changes in 2016/796 are summarised below: ERA:
Other IT tools:
The relevant processes related to vehicle authorisations, approvals of ERTMS track-side equipment tenders and safety certificates are described in the previous chapters.
No, as a Regulation applies from the date of its entering into force.
⇒ The ERA fees & charges are a new financial instrument of the ERA which will determine the costs for all applicants for vehicle authorisations, approvals of ERTMS tracks-side equipment tenders and safety certificates.
⇒ The ERA Board of Appeal can overrule the opinion of a NSA and thus overrule national interests.
⇒ The Executive Director of the ERA can overrule the Appeal Body.
⇒ Disclaimer: The final text will be adopted early 2018
There are several open issues which have been outlined in the previous chapter already. The main concerns / issues are: