Since 1991, the European railway sector has constantly been reformed by the European Union. The 4th Railway Package, which was adopted in 2016 is by far the largest and most complex legal initiative introduced so far. The 4th Railway Package consists of a political and a technical pillar which introduce substantial reforms for all stakeholders concerned.
This Guide illustrates in four different chapters the reforms in the field of vehicle authorisation, safety certification and ERTMS trackside approval as well as the new role of the European Union Agency for Railways as ‘frequently asked questions’. Given the fact that the implementation of the 4th Railway Package is an ongoing process, the Guide will be updated on a regular basis, in line with the progress of the reforms being made on EU level.
Chairman of the Group of Representative Bodies (GRB)
Article 55 of (EU) 2018/545 sets out the transitional provisions for the new regime. These are of particularly importance for all pending applications with NSAs and their further processing by the ERA from 16th of June 2019 onwards, in particular the practicalities for transferring applications and the acceptance and processing by ERA of those parts already assessed by the NSAs.
Some Member States have decided to extend the transposition of the directive until 16th June 2020. With regard to the transposition dates in the respective Member State please refer to the table above.
In addition, ERA has to sign a cooperation agreement with each national safety authority (NSA).