The Interoperability Directive foresees that the ERA will charge for its services. These so-called “fees and charges” are currently under discussion between the EC DG MOVE, EC DG Budget, the ERA as well as the Member States (NSAs). It is worth noting that the ERA intends to become partially self-funding.

It is worth noting that the vehicle authorisation procedure already exists in the EU and for which fees & charges are levied by NSAs. However, the approval of ERTMS track-side equipment tenders is a new procedure. Therefore, IMs will have to prepare for a new procedure and costs as regards to ERTMS track-side equipment. So far 5 IMs have agreed to participate in so-called ‘learning cases’ launched by ERA in order to better define ERTMS track-side approval processes and thereby limiting their costs. However, the outcome of these cases will be too late for the intended legislative act on ERTMS track-side component approval which is to be adopted by May 2018.